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Causes of Kidney Failure


Updated June 20, 2014

Written or reviewed by a board-certified physician. See About.com's Medical Review Board.

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Congenital Kidney Problems and Kidney Failure
Normal Kidney Blood Flow Image

Normal Kidney Blood Flow

Photo © A.D.A.M.

Congenital Kidney Problems and Kidney Transplants

A congenital kidney abnormality is a problem with the kidney that is present at birth. Abnormalities range from abnormal structures, blocked urine flow, unusual position of the kidneys that impairs function, or even being born with only one kidney. If the problem is severe enough, kidney failure may result.

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