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The Types of Surgical Specialties A-Z

Surgeons and Specialties

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Updated June 02, 2014

Doctors in surgery
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A-Z Surgical Specialties

All surgeons are not the same. There are many types of surgeons, with a variety of specialties and levels of training. The education of surgeons ranges from training in many types of procedures, such as general surgery, to highly specialized such as pediatric neurosurgery.

Surgeons can also specialize within their chosen specialty. Cardiac surgeons may focus on performing heart bypass surgery, heart valve repairs, transplants or any other heart surgery or they may practice many types of heart surgery.

In some cases, the specialties of surgeons overlap. A good example of this is spinal surgery, which can be performed by both neurosurgeons and orthopedic surgeons. The neurosurgeon might be more appropriate for surgery on the spine itself, while the orthopedic surgeon could be more appropriate for problems with the bones of the spine.

Anesthesiology

The specialty of anesthesia during surgery and pain management.

Bariatric Surgery

The specialty of treating obesity with surgery.

Cardiac Surgery

The specialty of treating heart problems with surgery.

Cardiothoracic Surgery

The specialty of treating heart, lung and other problems in the chest with surgery.

Colon & Rectal Surgery

The specialty of treating problems of the small and large intestine, the rectum and anus with surgery.

General Surgery

The specialty of treating common abdominal problems such as hernias and appendicitis with surgery.

Gynecologic Surgery

The specialty of treating problems with the female reproductive system with surgery.

Maxillofacial Surgery

The specialty of treating problems of the mouth, jaw, neck and facial bones with surgery.

Neurosurgery

The specialty of treating the central nervous system, including the brain and spinal cord, with surgery.

Obstetrics

The specialty of treating women before, during and after childbirth which may include surgery such as a C-section.

Oncology

The specialty of treating cancer with surgery.

Ophthalmology

The specialty of treating conditions of the eye with surgery.

Oral Surgery

The specialty of treating dental problems with surgery, such as wisdom tooth removal and root canals.

Orthopedic Surgery

The specialty of treating problems of the bones, joints, ligaments and tendons with surgery.

Otolaryngology (Ear, Nose and Throat, ENT )

The specialty of treating problems of the ears, nose and throat with surgery.

Pediatric Surgery

The specialty of treating health problems of children with surgery.

Plastic Surgery: Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

The specialty of improving the appearance for cosmetic reasons, or to correct defects for a more appealing appearance.

Podiatry Surgery (Podiatry)

The specialty of treating problems of the feet with surgery.

Thoracic Surgery

The specialty of treating problems in the chest cavity, except the heart, with surgery.

Transplant Surgery

The specialty of replacing failing organs with donated organs with surgery.

Trauma Surgery

The specialty of treating injuries from car crashes, gunshot wounds, stabbings and other traumatic injuries with surgery.

Vascular Surgery

The specialty of treating problems of the blood vessels with surgery.

Source:

Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. 2005.

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